A control system in which the control action depends entirely on output and nothing else is termed a Closed Loop System. In such a system the output itself has an impact on the input amount in such a way that the input amount will also adjust itself according to the output produced. It is said that closed-loops are so-called because of the fact that they do not have any feedback or return. In this sense, feedback plays an important role in these systems but no one is able to define how it actually works. In reality, these systems do not require any kind of control as they do not operate in any particular direction.
Describe a closed-loop
The best way to describe a closed-loop innovation is to say that it is like an open-loops with feedback. It is believed by many experts that it can be defined as a system that contains a pair of closed loops. These loops are parameterized and it becomes possible to obtain an automatic control system’s output by measuring signals. It is widely used in telecommunication applications and it is considered to be a good alternative to complex systems like electronic speed controllers.
A closed-loop control system usually has a number of input terminals along with a number of output terminals. It is possible to find a block diagram of this kind in electrical engineering books. In order to understand it is necessary to, first of all, understand how a closed-loop system works.
Two kinds of feedback loop systems
There are two kinds of feedback loop systems that are commonly found in a closed-loop control system: The first is the closed-loop with a send and receive path that is implemented through a mixer. The other kind is the feedback loop with no send and receives path. These are the most common types of feedback signal flows.
The process that produces a closed-loop control system’s output depends on its operation. In fully closed-loop control systems, the process does not begin and end at any particular point. It is started from a negative feedback signal and continues until the positive feedback signal is provided. In a fully open loop, the process is started from a start point and continues reversing until the endpoint is reached. Here, in the case of closed-loop control systems, the signal that is provided to the control loop is the sum of the positive and negative feedback signals.
Controls the execution of multiple operations simultaneously
A closed-loop system can be described as one that controls the execution of multiple operations simultaneously. For example, in a closed-loop control system, the operator places his hand on a dial while placing the other hand on a dial that points to zero. In this case, the operating procedure will be done whenever the hands are placed on the dial. Therefore, the control will execute continuously until the operator’s body moves away from the dial and the operator’s hand reaches the zero position. This kind of control is often used in applications such as the cockpit of an airplane or a robot that moves in a fixed position.
A closed-loop control system operates with one or more input-output signals that are provided to a single output. An open-loops system allows for multiple input-output signals to control the execution but a user may only program one program at a time. The most common examples are a dryer door that is controlled by the temperature and a door open or closed by the user.
It is possible to have a single control system to control several parameters. The most popular examples are a vehicle’s suspension system, the engine’s RPMs, the fuel injectors’ pressure, and the ignition of the engine. The system is usually set up so that each parameter is tested one after another until it passes the preset value. The most common example is a suspension system that tests the compression and spring tension and if the result is not stable, the control system will change its settings accordingly. Closed loops are generally used in very specific operations where the performance of the system is critical.